BMW 7_ая the E38 series from 1994 to 2002
1. Introduction
2. Governing bodies and operation receptions
2.1. Access, protection
2.2. Elements of systems of safety
2.3. Car equipment, arrangement of devices and governing bodies
2.4. Devices of ensuring comfort
2.5. Receptions of operation and auxiliary systems
2.5.1. Start and engine switching off, start of motion
2.5.2. Car running in
2.5.3. Use of automatic transmission (AT)
2.5.4. Brake system
2.5.5. Features of operation of the cars equipped with the catalytic converter
2.5.6. Auxiliary systems
3. Settings and routine maintenance of the car
4. Engine
5. Systems of cooling of the engine, heating, ventilation and air conditioning
6. A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
7. Systems of electric equipment of the engine
8. Manual box of gear shifting and coupling
9. Automatic transmission
10. Kardanny and power shafts, reducer, differential and stupichny assemblies
11. Brake system
12. Suspension bracket and steering
13. Body
14. Onboard electric equipment
15. Electric equipment schemes



2.5. Receptions of operation and auxiliary systems

Start and engine switching off, start of motion

Preparation for a trip on the car

Before sitting down in the car make sure that its glasses, mirrors and light devices pure. Check a condition of wheels, glance under the car and make sure of absence of leakages of liquids.

Check according to the maintenance schedule levels of working liquids of the engine (the impellent oil, cooling and brake liquids), and also liquid level for washing of glasses (see. Head of Control and routine maintenance of the car).

Having settled down in the car, execute the following operations:


  1. Close and lock all doors;
  2. Adjust the provision of a seat (see. Section System of additional safety (SRS)) and rear-view mirrors;
  3. Make sure of operability of external lighting devices;
  4. Check operation of devices;
  5. At inclusion of ignition check serviceability To/l, the devices located in a combination;
  6. Fasten a seat belt and remind of it to available passengers;
  7. Release the parking brake and make sure that corresponding To/l went out.

Start and engine switching off

For a start make sure that the parking brake is completely cocked, and all auxiliary systems are switched off.

On models from AT move the lever of the selector of AT modes to the situation "P" or "N" and squeeze out a brake pedal. On models from RKPP squeeze out a coupling pedal.

Turn the ignition key in the situation "START" and release it immediately – the starter will work while the engine will not be started, then the starter will be switched off automatically. At the included starter do not press a gas pedal, except those cases when the engine is started hardly at very low or very high temperature, and also in the summer, at start-up of the heated-up engine within half an hour after its switching off. At an insufficient charge of the storage battery process of start does not begin, or can interrupt, in this case use the auxiliary storage battery.

Before a start of motion let's to the engine work much more on single turns (at least, 30 c). While the engine did not get warm, avoid its work on high turns and under big loading, especially in a frost.

After long high load of the engine it is not necessary to switch off it at once, let's to it at first some minutes work on single turns to avoid sharp difference of temperatures in various zones of the engine. For switching off of the engine turn a key in the ignition lock in situation "1" or "0".

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2.5.1. Start and engine switching off, start of motion