7.2.2. The storage battery - the general information, recommendations about service
The storage battery established on the car consists from six banok in which positive and negative plates (ламели), shipped in solution of sulfuric acid are placed. The main task of the battery is production of the current necessary for implementation of start of the engine, ignition of a working mix, lighting, and also for providing with a food of other onboard or auxiliary consumers of the electric power.
In winter conditions, at temperatures below-18 hail., efficiency of additional charge of the battery decreases in view of increase of its internal resistance. At short trips in the winter the energy spent by the battery for start of the engine, does not manage to be restored, and the battery starts to work very hard, being gradually discharged and, eventually, fails is irreversible.
In the summer at long trips the engine strongly heats up, and often happens that it is difficult for starting anew. Not less energy of the battery is sometimes spent for such "hot" starts, than in frosty weather. Told in a special measure treats vysokokompressionny engines with large working volume of cylinders, and also to the models equipped with К/В system.
Additional information on the storage battery is provided in the Section Check of a condition of the battery and departure of Head of Control behind it and routine maintenance of the car.
Acquisition of the new storage battery
Told points to importance of correctness of a choice of the storage battery taking into account parameters of the engine and a vehicle complete set above. Upon purchase of the new storage battery it is necessary to pay attention to its performance data:
Rated target voltage. Has identical value (12 In) for all batteries applied on cars that practically excludes probability of a mistake.
The capacity measured in Ampere-hours (And • h) and, roughly speaking, defining a stock of the electric power containing in the battery. On a choice of size of this parameter depends, as long the battery is capable to provide possibility of a provorachivaniye of the engine with a starter, is more exact - how many it is possible to make attempts of start of the engine. The price of the storage battery is almost directly proportional to its capacity.
Starting current (And), i.e. a current submitted on a starter at start of the engine. The size of a starting current on batteries can be specified on four different standards: GOST (for domestic accumulators), EN (a standard of Uniform Europe), SAE (the American standard) and DIN (Germany). The last, German standard, is closest to the Russian state standard specification and on the majority of batteries of the European production is put down "by default" i.e. when the system of a standard is not specified. The starting current is higher, the big turns are developed by a starter and to those it is capable to transfer a bigger torque to an engine flywheel.
In an ideal, the acquired replaceable battery on the performance data should correspond completely to requirements of Specifications at which observance service life of the battery will be maximum. Hardly it is possible to consider acquisition of the battery of smaller capacity as good economy of money as it will serve much less and, besides, can lead to the unpleasant efforts connected with start of the engine in a winter season. It is not necessary to get the battery with excessively big starting current, - such hobby is interfaced to risk of failure of a starter. If the standard battery does not provide a due provorachivaniye of the engine, it will be more correct to make for a start replacement of impellent oil, - that, most likely, will lead to automatic elimination of a problem.
There are some signs on which it is possible with sufficient degree of probability to distinguish the original from a fake. The first and, perhaps, main thing: on the case of the battery the country manufacturer and manufacturing plant should be surely specified, it is better, if with the address. The second: manufacturing date should be specified that special value has for batteries of tight (unattended) type. The delivery set surely should include technical data sheet while existence of the instruction is not strictly obligatory. The third: high-quality batteries differ good appearance. The case should have equal edges, to be equipped with reliable jams and the smooth, covered protective caps polar plugs which quite often become covered by a layer of special anticorrosive greasing.
The charging of the failed battery should be made according to instructions of manufacturers of the charger.