BMW 7_ая the E38 series from 1994 to 2002
1. Introduction
2. Governing bodies and operation receptions
2.1. Access, protection
2.2. Elements of systems of safety
2.3. Car equipment, arrangement of devices and governing bodies
2.3.1. Danger of poisoning with carbon monooxide
2.3.2. Governing bodies and salon equipment
2.3.3. Combination of devices
2.4. Devices of ensuring comfort
2.5. Receptions of operation and auxiliary systems
3. Settings and routine maintenance of the car
4. Engine
5. Systems of cooling of the engine, heating, ventilation and air conditioning
6. A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
7. Systems of electric equipment of the engine
8. Manual box of gear shifting and coupling
9. Automatic transmission
10. Kardanny and power shafts, reducer, differential and stupichny assemblies
11. Brake system
12. Suspension bracket and steering
13. Body
14. Onboard electric equipment
15. Electric equipment schemes




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2-3-3-kombinaciya-priborov.html

2.3.3. Combination of devices

Arrangement of instrumentations

1 — the Index of a stock of fuel with built in To/l use of a reserve of fuel
2 — Indicators of indexes of turns
3 — the Speedometer
4 — the Indicator of the included driving beam of headlights
5 — the Tachometer and the fuel consumption index
6 — the Index of temperature of OZh
7, 17 — Control lamps and indicators
8 — the Button of diagnostics («CHECK»)

9 — the Index of position of the lever of the selector and the chosen AT program (see. Section Use of automatic transmission (AT))
10 — the air temperature Index outside of the car
11 — To/l ASC T/DSC systems
12 — the Nulled counter of run
13 — the Text display
14 — the Odometer
15 — the Indicator (see. Undressed the Schedule of routine maintenance of Head of Control and routine maintenance of the car)
16 — the Button of dumping of the counter 12

Speedometer and tachometer

The speedometer shows speed of movement of the car in km/h; the tachometer shows frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine in thousand rpm and is intended for control over engine turns – the arrow should not enter into a red zone of a scale.

Earlier switching on raising transfer allows to save fuel and to reduce noise of the power unit. In a running in of the car it is necessary to avoid too high turns of a cranked shaft. At achievement of critical turns of a cranked shaft the control system automatically interrupts supply of fuel that is accompanied by sudden loss of capacity.

Fuel consumption index

The index of fuel consumption is intended for visual representation of fuel consumption (km l/100), allowing to do conclusions about profitability of style of driving. At the motionless car of the shooter of the index is on zero.

The index of a stock of fuel and To/l use of a reserve of fuel

The index of a stock of fuel serves for visual monitoring of a stock of fuel remaining in a tank. The error of indications of the index of a stock of fuel is minimum, when the car occupies strictly horizontal situation, and increases at car movement on twisting or hilly roads. The index works at the included ignition. At entry of the index into a zone of a reserve stock of fuel joins corresponding To/l. Thus it is necessary to make car refueling at the first possibility. To/l also joins at inclusion of ignition and through short time should go out, pointing to serviceability of the index of a stock of fuel. If To/l it is not switched off, in a tank there was a reserve volume of fuel.

The nulled counter of run and the odometer

The nulled counter of run allows to supervise car run, since the moment of dumping of its indications (for example, for the current trip). To null the counter, at the lock which was in provision "1" or "2" of ignition press the dumping button (An arrangement of instrumentations).

The odometer is intended for the indication of complete run of the car.

The temperature index outside of the car

This index works already at key turn in the ignition lock in situation "1". If in this position of the ignition key to press the dumping button (An arrangement of instrumentations) and, holding it, to turn the ignition key in situation "0", there is a switching of units of measure of temperature. At decrease in temperature approximately to 3 °C, for the purpose of the prevention of possibility of ice of the indication of the thermometer start to blink, and the sound signal is distributed. The prevention repeats, while the temperature will not raise to 6 °C.

The index of temperature of OZh and To/l an engine overheat

It is intended for visual representation of temperature of OZh for the purpose of prevention of damage of the engine. To/l the engine overheat, built in the index, lights up at inclusion of ignition and through short time should go out, pointing to serviceability of the index. If the arrow of the index is in a dark blue zone, i.e. the engine is not heated-up, avoid movement on high speed and high turns of the engine. At entry of an arrow of the index into a red zone of a scale lights up To/l an overheat of the engine and/or on the text display in a combination of devices «COOLANT TEMPERATURE» message is deduced. It indicates an engine overheat – switch off the engine and let's to it cool down. Check level of OZh and tightness of system of cooling (see. Head of Control and routine maintenance of the car). Eliminate the found malfunctions. A normal range of working temperatures of the engine is the area between dark blue and red zones on the dial of the index of temperature of OZh.

The text display in a combination of devices

The display in a combination of devices is intended for display of various preventions in text form and messages on malfunctions. The display works at the included ignition.

On degree of priority of the message on malfunctions are subdivided into two groups.

First group of priority

Information on these malfunctions is accompanied by a sound signal and a blinking of alarm symbols in the form of triangles along the edges of the display. In the presence of several malfunctions of the message and them are deduced serially. Messages do not disappear before elimination of defects and cannot be erased by pressing of the button of automatic diagnostics (An arrangement of instrumentations). The list of messages of the first group of priority (below is provided at the chosen English).

  • «RELEASE PARKING BRAKE» (Release the parking brake);
  • «COOLANT TEMPERATURE» (The engine перегрет, stop the engine and eliminate malfunctions);
  • «STOP! ENGINE OILPRESS» (Low pressure of impellent oil, stop the engine and eliminate malfunctions);
  • «CHECK BRAKE FLUID» (Low level of brake liquid, add liquid and if necessary eliminate malfunctions);
  • «FLAT TIRE» * or «TIRE DEFECT» * (The wheel is lowered, lower speed and stop the car);
  • «LEVEL CONTROL INACTIVE» * (The system of adjustment of a road gleam is faulty);
  • «SPEED LIMIT» * (Speed is higher preset in the traveling computer).

Second group of priority

Preventions of this group appear approximately for 20 seconds at the included ignition. After the inscription will go out, there are alarm symbols along the edges of the display. For a repeated call of messages press the self-diagnostics button. The list of messages of the first group of priority (below is provided at the chosen English).

  • «TRUNK LID OPEN» (The luggage carrier is open, the message appears only at the first troganiye from a place with an open luggage carrier);
  • «DOOR OPEN» (One of doors is open, the message appears as soon as speed of movement will exceed some insignificant size);
  • «FASTEN SEAT BELTS» * (Fasten seat belts, at the same time burns corresponding To/l);
  • «WASHER FLUID LOW» (Low level of washing liquid);
  • «CHECK ENGINE OIL» (Low level of impellent oil);
  • «OUTSIDE TEMPERATURE of-5 °C» (The message appears at air temperature outside of the car below 3 °C, warning about ice possibility);
  • «TIRE PRESSURE SET» * (Installation of pressure of a rating of tires, see. Section Governing bodies and salon equipment);
  • «CHECK TIRE PRESSURE» * (Check pressure of a rating of tires);
  • «TIRE CHECK INACTIVE» * (Malfunction in RDC system, see. Section Governing bodies and salon equipment);
  • «BREAK LAMP CIRCUIT» (Malfunction in a chain of stoplights, or the stoplight lamp fused);
  • «CHECK LOWBEAMS» (Malfunction in a chain of a passing beam of headlights);
  • «CHECK SIDE LAMPS» (Malfunction in a chain of marker lights);
  • «CHECK REAR LAMPS» (Malfunction in a chain of back lamps);
  • «CHECK FRONT FOGLAMP» (Malfunction in a chain of fog lights);
  • «CHECK LICPLATE LAMP» (Malfunction in a chain of illumination of registration plate);
  • «CHECK TRAILER LIGHTS» (Malfunction in a chain of illumination of the trailer);
  • «CHECK HIGHBEAMS» (Malfunction in a chain of a driving beam of headlights);
  • «CHECK BACKUP LIGHTS» (Malfunction in a chain of lamps of a backing);
  • «TRANS. FAILSAFE PROG» (Emergency program of management of a transmission);
  • «CHECK BRAKE LININGS» (Check brake shoes, see. Head Brake system)
  • «CHECK COOLANT LEVEL» (Low level of cooling liquid, add liquid and if necessary eliminate malfunctions);
  • «ENGINE FAILSAFE PROG» (ECM works in the emergency program).

Messages upon termination of a trip

All messages on malfunctions which appeared during a trip, are highlighted one behind another on the display after ignition key turn in situation "0".

When opening a door of the driver on termination of a trip one of the following instructions, accompanied by a sound signal can be highlighted also:

  • «LIGHTS ON» (Lighting is not switched off);
  • «KEY IN IGNITION LOCK» (The key is not taken from the ignition lock);
  • «CHECK ENGINE OIL LEV» (Check level of impellent oil at the following filling).

Having used diagnostics button, it is possible to cause messages within about three minutes after the trip termination even if the key is already taken out from the ignition lock, and indication went out. If it is some messages, press diagnostics button several times.

Check of serviceability of system of self-diagnostics

If after ignition key turn in situation "2" to press diagnostics button, on the display there should be a confirmation on serviceability of system («CHECK CONTROL OK»).

Control lamps and indicators

Are described To/l and the indicators located in a combination of devices below. It is familiar «*» are marked To/l and indicators which light up at ignition inclusion for some time with a view of check of working capacity and die away in some seconds. If any To/l at check does not join, it can mean that it fused, or in its chain there is a break.

To/l red цвета*

At inclusion of data To/l it is necessary to stop the car at the first possibility and to eliminate malfunctions.

— To/l charge system, its inclusion during movement indicates malfunction in a charge chain (electroconducting break, malfunction of the generator, break or weakening of a tension of a belt of a drive of the generator). To defect of a belt of a drive of the generator also points need of applying of big efforts for turn of a steering wheel. Movement is not allowed at malfunction of a drive of the generator since it can lead to an engine overheat.

— To/l low pressure of impellent oil, its inclusion at the working engine specifies low pressure of impellent oil and is accompanied by the corresponding message on the text display. Check and if necessary modify level of impellent oil (see. Section Access, protection). If level is in norm limits, address on HUNDRED for diagnostics and engine repair. Movement continuation with the switched-on engine is not admissible, since it will bring to its breakage because of a lack of greasing.

BRAKE or To/l low level of brake liquid or wear of brake shoes, is accompanied by the corresponding message on the text display.

To/l and indicators of red color

Data To/l and indicate indicators important points when driving.

PARK BRAKE or the Indicator of the cocked parking brake, is included at the cocked parking brake.

* To/l not fastened seat belts (see. The section Seat belts), is established not on all models.

To/l SRS system (see. Section System of additional safety (SRS)).

To/l and indicators yellow цвета*

Data To/l and indicate indicators need of check of the relevant system of the car as soon as possible.

BRAKE or To/l DBC system (dynamic management of brakes), indicates its inclusion malfunction in DBC system. Thus the brake system continues to work regularly.

ABS or To/l ABS system, indicates its inclusion system shutdown because of its malfunction. Thus the brake system continues to work regularly.

To/l ASC T/DSC systems if given To/l it is not switched off after start of the engine or lights up during movement, the system is faulty or switched off compulsorily (see. Section Governing bodies and salon equipment). The blinking To/l indicates activity of system.

SERVICE ENGINE SOON or To/l OBD systems, inclusion given To/l indicates malfunction in a power supply system. Though the car remains in working condition, it is necessary to make as soon as possible diagnostics and/or repair of a control system by the engine.

To/l and indicators of yellow and dark blue color

Indicators of inclusion of indexes of turns, blink at inclusion of the corresponding indexes of turn. The speeded-up blinking testifies to malfunction in a chain of indexes of turns.

The activation indicator темпостата, indicates possibility of use of functions темпостата (see. Part of the Device of ensuring comfort).

The indicator of the included fog lights.

The indicator of the included driving beam of headlights, lights up at inclusion of a driving beam of headlights, or at the alarm system a driving beam of headlights.


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2.4. Devices of ensuring comfort